The School of Salamanca: New Digital Edition of Domingo Báñez` “De Iustitia et Iure Decisiones” now online

Domingo Báñez (1528-1604) was one of the most influential authors of the School of Salamanca: a disciple of Melchor Cano, Báñez joined the Dominican order at the age of eighteen and became one of the most influential Spanish Theologians of the 16th century. „De Iustitia et Iure Decisiones“ stands in the literary tradition begun by Domingo de Soto and is considered a pivotal work of the Iberian Scholastic. Now the full text and digital images of the edition printed 1594 in Salamanca are available online in open access on the website of the project „The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language“.

https://www.salamanca.school

The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language is a joint project of the MPIeR, the Goethe University Frankfurt and the Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz.

Workshop: “The Global Face of the School of Salamanca: Asian and American perspectives”

Date: 19.08.2019
Time: 15:00 – 17:00
Lecturer(s):
– Natsuko Matsumori (University of Shizuoka)
– Rômulo da Silva Ehalt (Sophia University, Tokyo/JSPS)
Organisation: Christiane Birr, Luisa Stella Coutinho (MPIeR)
Place: MPIeR, Room B316

The global dimensions of the School of Salamanca and Iberian Scholasticism is one of the topics of intense research at the MPIeR, i.a. in the projects „The School of Salamanca“, „Salamanca in America“ und „Christian Japanese in the Portuguese Empire: circulation and production of normativities in Japanese lay communities (1540s-1630s)“. In this workshop we will discuss questions arising from the confrontation of Iberian normative ideas and traditions with American and Asian realities in the 16th and 17th centuries, focussing on Bartolomé de Las Casas and the discourses on communication and hospitality (Matsumori) and legal issues regarding Japanese slavery in Portuguese Asia (Ehalt).

Simona Langella: “Una edición y traducción del tratato De Lege de Juan Gil Fernández de Nava”

Date: 12.06.2019
Time: 14:30 – 16:00
Speaker: Simona Langella (Genova)
Organisation: Christiane Birr, José Luis Egío
Location: MPIeR
Room: Z01

Juan Gil Fernández de Nava († 1551) studied theology under Francisco de Vitoria in the 1530s before becoming himself a professor at the University of Salamanca in 1538. When in the last years of his life Vitoria could no longer fulfil his lecture duties due to health reasons, it was Nava who stood in for him. From this lecture context originates the manuscript, which is now kept in the Vatican Library and whose edition and Spanish translation Simona Langella is working on during her stay at the MPIeR. The encounter with Nava allows a more detailed look at the intellectual panorama of the University of Salamanca in the 1530s to 1550s.

The Colloquium will be held in Spanish.

The School of Salamanca: New Digital Edition of Juan de Solórzano Pereira`s ‘Politica Indiana’ now online

The latest publication in the Digital Collection of Sources edited by the Salamanca project was one of the standards works of reference regarding the colonial administration of the Spanish Americas: Juan de Solórzano Pereira’s Politica Indiana draws the sum of the author’s rich experience in administrative and judicial matters in the Spanish colonies. The full text of this seminal book (printed in Madrid in 1648) is now available online and in open access on the project’s website.

The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language is a joint project of the MPIeR, the Goethe University Frankfurt and the Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz.

Joost Possemiers: „Business ethics, contract law and moral theology in Conrad Summenhart’s monumental ‘Opus de contractibus’ (1500)“

Date: 21.05.2019

Time: 15:00 – 17:00

Speaker: Joost Possemiers (Leuven)

Organisation: Christiane Birr (MPIeR)

Location: MPIeR

Room: Z01

 

The German theologian Konrad Summenhart (c.1450-1502) studied in Paris and taught in Tübingen. Especially with his opus magnum “De contractibus licitis atque illicitis” he became an important reference author of the school of Salamanca, whose arguments were taken up and critically discussed by Francisco de Vitorias and others.

Joost Possemiers is Ph.D. student at the university of Leuwen and presents a part of his ongoing research project.

The Colloquium will be held in English.

Salamanca-Kolloquium: Observaciones sobre edición crítica de Melchor Cano (métodos y subsidios para el trabajo)

Date: 18 March 2019
Time: 18:00 – 19:30
Lecturer: Dr. Juan Belda Plans (Valencia)
Organisation: Dr. Christiane Birr
Place: MPIeR, Room Z01

Juan Belda Plans is the leading expert on Melchor Cano, the most influential theologian of the School of Salamanca. After the ground-breaking Spanish translation of Cano’s magnum opus “De locis theologicis“, Belda Plans has embarked on a critical edition (plus a Spanish translation) of Cano’s “Relectio de Poenitentia“. Held in 1549, the lecture was published in print in Salamanca in the following year and saw three more editions until Cano’s death in 1560.

The project of critically editing and translating this central text of moral theology in the School of Salamanca is financed by the MPIeR and developed in close association with the Salamanca project at the institute. In the colloquium, Belda Plans will talk about the practical and intellectual challenges of working on a critical edition of a sixteenth-century relectio as well as about his observations of text changes and adaptations in the early modern editions of the text.

The Colloquium will be held in Spanish.

“Just dominion: whatever may have been the right and justice in the beginning”: Reading Course of Alonso de la Vera Cruz’ Relectio De dominio infidelium et iusto bello, 10-12 April 2019

The project “The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language” invites applications for its second Reading Course:

The discovery and conquest of America in the Early Modern era gave rise to intense debate among European jurists, theologians, and philosophers. Due to the leading role played by the Spanish monarchy in this process of conquests and assimilation of American indigenous peoples, most of the Iberian ‘intellectuals’ took part in the polemic. One of the major figures of this debate – as well as of the School of Salamanca – was the Augustinian monk and professor of theology Alonso de la Vera Cruz († 1584).

While doctrines of authors such as Vitoria and Soto, considered by the historiography as founders of the School of Salamanca, are well known and have aroused the interest of the international scientific community, little attention has so far been paid to Alonso de la Vera Cruz. First holder of the chairs of Sacred Scripture and S. Thomas at the newly established University of Mexico, he can be considered as the teacher who first introduced western philosophy in America.

Vera Cruz wrote the Relectio De dominio infidelium et iusto bello for the inauguration of the University of Mexico (1553). The text is a polemical reflection about the dilemmas related to the process of conquest and subordination of native American peoples which was then still in progress. Having always in mind the famous Relectio De Indis (1539) held by Francisco de Vitoria at the University of Salamanca some years before (with Vera Cruz already overseas), we will discuss the similarities and differences between the legal and political thinking of both authors.

Vera Cruz focusses on two aspects of the Spanish colonial presence in America: the justification of Spanish rule and of the power change from the indigenous rulers to the king of Castile, and that of the legal and moral relations between Spanish settlers, the so-called encomenderos, and the indigenous population. We will analyse Vera Cruz’ juridical positions regarding political dominion, socio-economic domination and questions of private property in America, but we will also look at the religious elements inextricably linked to the political issues, and, in particular, at strategies of evangelization and conversion.

On a methodological level, we will discuss the structure of argumentation as well as the handling of authors, authorities, and citations. By approaching these quintessential features of early modern scholasticism, the participants will gain experience in handling the complex texts of early modern European academia.

The Reading Course addresses advanced students, doctoral students and post-docs from legal studies, philosophy, history, theology, and political sciences. Working language will be English.

Participants working on a research project of their own (master or doctoral thesis) are invited to present and discuss their work during a special section of the Reading Course.

Where

Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Hansaallee 41
60323 Frankfurt am Main

Program’s Draft

Wednesday, 10.4.2019

Morning:
Arrival
Afternoon:
Greeting, Introduction: Historical Context and Sources
Question: What is dominium? Legal/moral foundations and practical experiences after 60 years of Spanish presence in America

Thursday, 11.4.2019

Morning:
Reading and Discussion
Afternoon:
Project presentations of the participants and of the School of Salamanca
Evening:
Dinner

Friday, 12.4.2019

Morning:
Reading and Discussion
Afternoon:
Reading and Discussion
Final Discussion

Application

Please send your application documents until March 17, 2019 to salamanca@rg.mpg.de.
Required documents for the application are a CV, a letter of motivation, and, if applicable, a project summary.

Eligibility Requirements

  • Advanced students, early-stage graduates, PhD candidates, post-docs
  • Working knowledge of English is required; German is not a prerequisite
  • Basic knowledge of Latin is of advantage

Fees

There is no participation fee. Accommodation will be provided by the organisers. Participants, however, will be responsible for covering their travel expenses.

Contact

Project The School of Salamanca
Dr. Christiane Birr, Dr. José Luis Egío, Dr. Andreas Wagner
salamanca@rg.mpg.de

The Vitoria Trilogy is Complete: New Text in our Digital Collection of Sources

We are very happy to announce that our Vitoria trilogy is now complete: the “Summa Sacramentorum” (1561), compiled by Tomas de Chávez from the master’s lessons, is now online in our Digital Collection of Sources. Together with Vitoria’s ”Relectiones” and his ”Confessionario”, the Collection offers now access to the three works that made the teaching’s of the School of Salamanca’s founding figure accessible in early modern print.

New Texts in our Digital Collection of Sources

After our trip to Buenos Aires, we have been quiet for some time – and hard at work to bring more texts of the School of Salamanca into the digital age.

Today we are happy to announce two new works online in our Digital Collection of Sources:

Francisco de Vitoria’s indispensable two-volume Relectiones Theologiae XII:

and Bartolomé de Las Casas‘ Treinta Proposiciones muy juridicas, printed in Sevilla 1552:

 

 

(Deutsch) Kolloquium – Projekt „Die Schule von Salamanca“: La vida es mas preciosa, que la libertad. Beobachtungen bei der Textkorrektur von Martin de Azpilcuetas Manual de Confessores (Salamanca 1556)

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Referentin: Christiane Birr

Datum: 5.12.2018

Zeit: 14.30-16.00

Ort: MPIeR

Raum: G104

Organisation: Christiane Birr, José Luis Egío

Christiane Birr berichtet aus der Projektarbeit, nämlich dem Korrekturlesen der Volltexte vor ihrer Veröffentlichung in der digitalen Quellensammlung des Projekts. Gegenstand ist das Manual de Confessores y Penitentes von Martín de Azpilcueta in der spanischen, 1556 in Salamanca bei Andrea de Portonaris gedruckten Ausgabe. Thema sind u.a. der Umgang Azpilcuetas mit theologischer, kanonistischer und juristischer Literatur sowie die Präsenz der Neuen Welt in seinem Werk.

Die Veranstaltungssprache ist Deutsch.