Working Discussion „Translating Melchor Cano“

Date: 11.10.2019
Time: 11:00 – 13:00
Speakers: Juan Belda Plans (Valencia), Elmar Klinger (Würzburg/Herzogenaurach), Boris Hogenmüller (Würzburg), Thomas Franz (Würzburg)
Organisation: Christiane Birr (MPIeR)
Location: MPIeR
Room: Z02

Melchor Cano (1509-1560) is one of the most important authors of the School of Salamanca: at the age of fifteen he entered the Dominican Order as a pupil of Francisco de Vitoria in Salamanca. At the age of twenty-five he received his first theological chair in Valladolid; after the death of his academic teacher Vitoria in 1546 he took over the renowned chair of Theology in Salamanca himself. His main work, De locis theologicis, published posthumously in Salamanca in 1563, is the fundamental work of theological knowledge of modern times and represents the first complete programme of Catholic dogmatics as an independent discipline.

A Spanish translation of this pivotal and complex work of modern theology was presented by Juan Belda Plans in 2006; Elmar Klinger, Thomas Franz and Boris Hogenmüller completed a German translation, the publication of which is still pending. The discussion will focus on the special requirements for the interpretation and translation of theological texts of the School of Salamanca, the specifics of early modern Latin and the significance of translations in the modern reception of the School of Salamanca.

Discussion languages are Spanish and German.

The School of Salamanca: New Digital Edition of Diego de Avendaño’s “Thesaurus Indicus, Vol. 1” now online

Diego de Avendaño (1594-1688) was born in Segovia. During his studies in Seville, he met Juan de Solórzano Pereira and accompanied him to the New World. Avendaño continued his studies in Lima at the Colegio San Martín of the Jesuits, joined the order himself and taught and led the Jesuitic colleges and universities in Cuzco, Charcas and Lima in the following decades. After, as he himself said, “almost fifty years in Peru” he published his main work, the six-volume Thesaurus Indicus, in which he discusses a wealth of questions of secular administration and spiritual practice. All six volumes will appear successively in the Digital Collection of Sources of the project “The School of Salamanca”. A start has now been made with the first volume devoted to the questions of the secular regiment of Peru in the 16th and early 17th centuries.

Summer School “Baroque Scholasticism” and Workshop “Baroque Scholasticism and Early Modern Thought”

Date: 26.-30.08.2019
Place: MPIeR, Lecture Hall (Z01)

The Summer School looks at the contribution of the Baroque Scholastics to the development of modern philosophy. It offers all students and doctoral researchers with a serious interest in scholastic thought of the Baroque era (roughly between the 1560s, the end of the Council of Trent, to 1789, the French Revolution) an occasion to deepen their involvement with this subject under the guidance of internationally renowned scholars in the field.

The aim of Summer School and Workshop is to increase the visibility of Baroque scholastic thought and to promote its investigation as the rise of modern philosophy during this period cannot be understood satisfactorily without accounting for the still flourishing and dynamically developing contemporaneous scholastic thought.

Summer School and Workshop are organized and led by Rudolf Schuessler (Bayreuth) and Marko Fuchs (Bamberg) in cooperation with the team of the Salamanca project.

From the project team, Andreas Wagner will hold a lecture about Political Theory Between Scholastic Theology, Aristotelian Philosophy and Law, whereas José Luis Egío will offer a workshop on the topic of Fighting Canonists with Probabilities. Juridical and Theological Truths in Some Masters of the School of Salamanca (Vitoria, Vera Cruz, Báñez).

The lectures and workshops will be held in English.

Program

The School of Salamanca: New Digital Edition of Melchor Cano’s “Relectio de Poenitentia” now online

Melchor Cano (1509-1560) is one of the most important authors of the School of Salamanca: as a pupil of Francisco de Vitoria, he entered the Dominican Order at the age of fifteen. Ten years later, Cano received his first theological chair in Valladolid; after the death of his academic teacher Vitoria in 1546 he took over the renowned cátedra de Prima in Salamanca himself. Cano participated in the political debates about the Spanish conquest of the Americas, among other things as a commission member in the so-called controversy of Valladolid, in which the different points of view clashed in the persons of the protagonists Bartolomé de Las Casas and Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda.

In 1547, one year after becoming professor in Salamanca, Cano held the public lecture De Poenitentia, in which he dealt with central questions of confession and the sacrament of penance. The elaborated version of this unusually long and detailed text, which comprises more than 170 printed pages, he prepared for publication in 1550. This first edition is now available in full text and digital images in the source collection of the project “The School of Salamanca”.

The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language is a joint project of the MPIeR, the Goethe University Frankfurt and the Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz.

The School of Salamanca: New Digital Edition of Domingo Báñez` “De Iustitia et Iure Decisiones” now online

Domingo Báñez (1528-1604) was one of the most influential authors of the School of Salamanca: a disciple of Melchor Cano, Báñez joined the Dominican order at the age of eighteen and became one of the most influential Spanish Theologians of the 16th century. „De Iustitia et Iure Decisiones“ stands in the literary tradition begun by Domingo de Soto and is considered a pivotal work of the Iberian Scholastic. Now the full text and digital images of the edition printed 1594 in Salamanca are available online in open access on the website of the project „The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language“.

https://www.salamanca.school

The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language is a joint project of the MPIeR, the Goethe University Frankfurt and the Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz.

Workshop: “The Global Face of the School of Salamanca: Asian and American perspectives”

Date: 19.08.2019
Time: 15:00 – 17:00
Lecturer(s):
– Natsuko Matsumori (University of Shizuoka)
– Rômulo da Silva Ehalt (Sophia University, Tokyo/JSPS)
Organisation: Christiane Birr, Luisa Stella Coutinho (MPIeR)
Place: MPIeR, Room B316

The global dimensions of the School of Salamanca and Iberian Scholasticism is one of the topics of intense research at the MPIeR, i.a. in the projects „The School of Salamanca“, „Salamanca in America“ und „Christian Japanese in the Portuguese Empire: circulation and production of normativities in Japanese lay communities (1540s-1630s)“. In this workshop we will discuss questions arising from the confrontation of Iberian normative ideas and traditions with American and Asian realities in the 16th and 17th centuries, focussing on Bartolomé de Las Casas and the discourses on communication and hospitality (Matsumori) and legal issues regarding Japanese slavery in Portuguese Asia (Ehalt).

Simona Langella: “Una edición y traducción del tratato De Lege de Juan Gil Fernández de Nava”

Date: 12.06.2019
Time: 14:30 – 16:00
Speaker: Simona Langella (Genova)
Organisation: Christiane Birr, José Luis Egío
Location: MPIeR
Room: Z01

Juan Gil Fernández de Nava († 1551) studied theology under Francisco de Vitoria in the 1530s before becoming himself a professor at the University of Salamanca in 1538. When in the last years of his life Vitoria could no longer fulfil his lecture duties due to health reasons, it was Nava who stood in for him. From this lecture context originates the manuscript, which is now kept in the Vatican Library and whose edition and Spanish translation Simona Langella is working on during her stay at the MPIeR. The encounter with Nava allows a more detailed look at the intellectual panorama of the University of Salamanca in the 1530s to 1550s.

The Colloquium will be held in Spanish.

The School of Salamanca: New Digital Edition of Juan de Solórzano Pereira`s ‘Politica Indiana’ now online

The latest publication in the Digital Collection of Sources edited by the Salamanca project was one of the standards works of reference regarding the colonial administration of the Spanish Americas: Juan de Solórzano Pereira’s Politica Indiana draws the sum of the author’s rich experience in administrative and judicial matters in the Spanish colonies. The full text of this seminal book (printed in Madrid in 1648) is now available online and in open access on the project’s website.

The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language is a joint project of the MPIeR, the Goethe University Frankfurt and the Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz.

“Just dominion: whatever may have been the right and justice in the beginning”: Reading Course of Alonso de la Vera Cruz’ Relectio De dominio infidelium et iusto bello, 10-12 April 2019

The project “The School of Salamanca. A Digital Collection of Sources and a Dictionary of its Juridical-Political Language” invites applications for its second Reading Course:

The discovery and conquest of America in the Early Modern era gave rise to intense debate among European jurists, theologians, and philosophers. Due to the leading role played by the Spanish monarchy in this process of conquests and assimilation of American indigenous peoples, most of the Iberian ‘intellectuals’ took part in the polemic. One of the major figures of this debate – as well as of the School of Salamanca – was the Augustinian monk and professor of theology Alonso de la Vera Cruz († 1584).

While doctrines of authors such as Vitoria and Soto, considered by the historiography as founders of the School of Salamanca, are well known and have aroused the interest of the international scientific community, little attention has so far been paid to Alonso de la Vera Cruz. First holder of the chairs of Sacred Scripture and S. Thomas at the newly established University of Mexico, he can be considered as the teacher who first introduced western philosophy in America.

Vera Cruz wrote the Relectio De dominio infidelium et iusto bello for the inauguration of the University of Mexico (1553). The text is a polemical reflection about the dilemmas related to the process of conquest and subordination of native American peoples which was then still in progress. Having always in mind the famous Relectio De Indis (1539) held by Francisco de Vitoria at the University of Salamanca some years before (with Vera Cruz already overseas), we will discuss the similarities and differences between the legal and political thinking of both authors.

Vera Cruz focusses on two aspects of the Spanish colonial presence in America: the justification of Spanish rule and of the power change from the indigenous rulers to the king of Castile, and that of the legal and moral relations between Spanish settlers, the so-called encomenderos, and the indigenous population. We will analyse Vera Cruz’ juridical positions regarding political dominion, socio-economic domination and questions of private property in America, but we will also look at the religious elements inextricably linked to the political issues, and, in particular, at strategies of evangelization and conversion.

On a methodological level, we will discuss the structure of argumentation as well as the handling of authors, authorities, and citations. By approaching these quintessential features of early modern scholasticism, the participants will gain experience in handling the complex texts of early modern European academia.

The Reading Course addresses advanced students, doctoral students and post-docs from legal studies, philosophy, history, theology, and political sciences. Working language will be English.

Participants working on a research project of their own (master or doctoral thesis) are invited to present and discuss their work during a special section of the Reading Course.

Where

Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Hansaallee 41
60323 Frankfurt am Main

Program’s Draft

Wednesday, 10.4.2019

Morning:
Arrival
Afternoon:
Greeting, Introduction: Historical Context and Sources
Question: What is dominium? Legal/moral foundations and practical experiences after 60 years of Spanish presence in America

Thursday, 11.4.2019

Morning:
Reading and Discussion
Afternoon:
Project presentations of the participants and of the School of Salamanca
Evening:
Dinner

Friday, 12.4.2019

Morning:
Reading and Discussion
Afternoon:
Reading and Discussion
Final Discussion

Application

Please send your application documents until March 17, 2019 to salamanca@rg.mpg.de.
Required documents for the application are a CV, a letter of motivation, and, if applicable, a project summary.

Eligibility Requirements

  • Advanced students, early-stage graduates, PhD candidates, post-docs
  • Working knowledge of English is required; German is not a prerequisite
  • Basic knowledge of Latin is of advantage

Fees

There is no participation fee. Accommodation will be provided by the organisers. Participants, however, will be responsible for covering their travel expenses.

Contact

Project The School of Salamanca
Dr. Christiane Birr, Dr. José Luis Egío, Dr. Andreas Wagner
salamanca@rg.mpg.de

The Vitoria Trilogy is Complete: New Text in our Digital Collection of Sources

We are very happy to announce that our Vitoria trilogy is now complete: the “Summa Sacramentorum” (1561), compiled by Tomas de Chávez from the master’s lessons, is now online in our Digital Collection of Sources. Together with Vitoria’s ”Relectiones” and his ”Confessionario”, the Collection offers now access to the three works that made the teaching’s of the School of Salamanca’s founding figure accessible in early modern print.